An HR (Human Resources) department is responsible for managing various aspects of an organization’s human capital, including recruitment, compensation, benefits, employee relations, performance management, training, and development. Depending on the size and complexity of an organization, an HR department may have a range of positions with different responsibilities. Here are some of the most common HR positions within an HR department, and the exact roles and responsibilities may vary depending on the organization’s size, structure, and priorities.
Generalized HR Roles
The HR Manager is responsible for overseeing the entire HR department and managing HR policies, procedures, and initiatives. Whereas an HR Generalist is often responsible for handling a wide variety of HR tasks, including recruitment, employee relations, and performance management. An HR Coordinator/Administrator may be responsible for providing administrative support to the HR department, including maintaining employee records, scheduling interviews, and managing HR-related paperwork.
Common HR Specialists
Depending on the size of the company, there may be additional roles that handle more limited or specialized responsibilities. For example, a Recruitment Specialist is responsible for locating, screening, and hiring candidates for open positions within the organization. A Training and Development Specialist would design and deliver training programs to enhance employee skills and knowledge. A Compensation and Benefits Specialist is responsible for designing and administering compensation and benefits programs, including salaries, bonuses, and health insurance. An Employee Relations Specialist is responsible for managing employee relations issues, including disputes, grievances, and disciplinary actions.
HR Compliance-Related Roles
An HR Analyst may be retained for the purpose of analyzing HR data and providing insights to improve HR policies and processes. HR professionals in this role may also create reports and dashboards to help management make data-driven decisions. There is also an HR Consultant who can provide expert advice and guidance to managers and executives on HR-related issues. This role can help ensure that the company is complying with labor laws, regulations, and industry standards. HR professionals in this role may also manage employee records, handle legal issues, and maintain the company’s policies and procedures.